Discrimination and Equal Opportunities

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Discrimination law in England and Wales is now a huge area of interest to – and a potential concern for -employers.

Recent reform has introduced new legislation, most notably the Equality Act 2010 which came into force on 1st October 2010.

Why has the law been reformed?

Discrimination law needed to be reformed because it had grown over a number of years, from various sources, and was too complex for previous legislation.

Recent changes to be aware of

The Commission for Equality and Human Rights was created in October 2007. It took over roles previously provided by the:

What does discrimination law cover?

Generally, the law seeks to provide protection from discrimination in these specific areas:

Are there different types of discrimination?

Yes. Discrimination can be split between Direct Discrimination and Indirect Discrimination.

Is there a time limit on applications?

Yes. Applications must be made to an Employment Tribunal within three months of the discriminatory act.

How much compensation can I claim?

Compensation can be unlimited, and can include an award for injury to feelings.

What is harassment?

Harassment is a form of discrimination. It occurs where a person engages in unwanted conduct:

  • In respect of someone’s particular gender, age, disability, race (or ethnic or national origin), gender reassignment, religion (or belief), or sexual orientation
  • Which has the effect of violating that person’s dignity, or creating an intimidating, hostile, degrading humiliating or offensive environment for that person; and
  • That should reasonably be considered as having that effect

Harassment also occurs where a person rejects sexual harassment, and as a result is treated less favourably than they would have been had they not rejected the advances.


Victimisation may occur where an employee is subjected to detrimental treatment because they have either brought a discrimination claim, complained about harassment, or become involved in their colleague’s discrimination complaint.

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Getting In Touch

For further information on our Discrimination and Equal Opportunities service, contact Carol Shaw on 01295 204140 or email cshaw@se-law.co.uk